ʢ¸
͹
-
˹á | ش | й˹ҹ͹ | Ἱѧ䫵

ʡѴѧҪ ٻ ɳ᩹ԡ ʧᵡ¡


Ѵ ֡ Ѻѹء ѹҤ

          ǧʧǧ "ɳ" աʹ͵ "稾ѧҪ" ٻ ¡ԡ ͵駹ԡ ѧҸԡ÷ءдѺ蹺ѭշѾԹ . Ѻ١ͧ ¤Ͷ ҧᵡ¡ʧ º»ٻ¡ҷѨ繫ͻШѴ

          ǧʧ蹻ǹ աʢǨաõ稾ѧҪ ٻ ԡ ѧաʢǵ駹ԡա¹ ͧѹ .. 㹡ûЪԧԺѵԡͧ "ԭ蹤ͧоطʹ" վѧҸԡ дѺͧҤШѧѴ֧ҤҤ ТҪӹѡҹоطʹ觪ҵ (..) оطʹԡ

          ɳ ͧ ͧ¡Ѱ ӡѺ .. 㹡ûٻкҪ ѰѴ駾..ʹͧͧâͧʧ ˹§ҹ繤ѧͧطʹԡ ͧҡѨغѹʧ١ͧ͹ Ѻ ͡Ҥ (.) ³ѧҸԡ ١ѧоʧѴҹ

          "й ѹµ;طʹ ͧ .â稾ѧҪ ͧ ԡ ҡ蹹觼稾ѧҪʡѧԳ¡ա .õ駹ԡ 觷ͧͧѰ ǹͧõ駹ԡ Ѱ٭㹡ùѺʹ ѰػФͧԡ .ʴ ʧҧ ʹ͡ѧҸԡ蹺ѭշѾԹ ӹѡҹСûͧѹлҺ÷بԵ觪ҵ (...) 繡÷¤Ͷ͵ͤʧ" ͧ¡Ѱ

"ɳ" ҧ º»ٻʧ

          ɳ ա ǹչº¾ѲҾطʹʹͧѺ褳ʧʹ .ѴἹطʹ觪ҵ ͺͧ֡ ûͧʧй͡ Ἱ ء¾ѲҾطʹ㹷ȷҧǡѹ .駤С÷֡Ҫ§ҹ ..繽ʹؤ ʹԹ ʹѵ ʹ ʹԸ Сͺ ʧ ѡԪҡ ͧҡ ..պؤҡ§ ҹ

          .;ӹҨ稾ѧҪ 觵駤СФ͹ء ҵ ͧ ...ʧ ͪ¡蹡ͧҹҧ ͧҤ ͡ШӹҨçҹн֡繡 . .ѴʶҺѹͺѧҸԡ ѰԹըѴҳ .ѴӹѡҹоطʹҨѧѴ ʹͧҹʧǹҤ .ѴѤþطʹͪ§ҹʧ㹨ѧѴҧ

          .ӡºҹͧѺ¤ʧ ŧɾʧӼԴиԹзӼԴҧºҴ ੾лѨغѹʧ˵طҡش ͡â׹ зӪ ⡧ ԴʾԴ ظ׹¼ ظ ҳѵ ҳʶҹ çҹҧ ҡԴѴਹ ŧɵºҹͧ Ѵਹʹ͹͡ҡ繾ѧҸԡжʹѡ ԹԵѵ

          .Ѵ¡ͧԴپʧ ŪŻԹҧäẺҧյѧ ͤ駷 ...ѡԳ Թѵ ¡Ѱ кҷ稾 çѺ觵͹¡Ѱ ʧ ҡ ҧ ¡Ѱը֧Ѻ .Ѻاзǧ Ҵ¡èѴ غ Ѵ йͺ .駤зӧҹ䢡зǧ ੾лѨغѹաâ͵Ѵ繨ӹǹҡ ҨйкἹҧҡ (GIS) šèѴѴ ա駼ͨѴѴеͧٻ¾鹷ἹѧͧѴѧ . ҡҧԧẺŹѴ ʶ ҡ­Դ¹ҡ

          .෤㹡Ԩäʧ աèѴӺѵûШӵǾ ٻѵѡ ¹Ẻ 觡 .觨Ѵӷ¹Ѵ Ѵ Ѵҧ зӷº ºѨ ºʹѵ ੾зºШЪ»ͧѹʧͧɻҪԡ ֡͡ҡ繾СѺҺǪա ֧ѴӺѭշѾԹͧ ʹѵ Ѵ ¡͡ҡѹҧѴਹ µ͡ôеǨͺ

Ѻاкͧ͢Ѵ

          ɳ ǵ .ѺاҷѨ Ѩè繫ͧ͢Ѵ ˹ҷѺԴͺѴਹռŻªͺ᷹ ҡѴ - ҨТ;ҪҹͧҪ .ѴӹѡѴʹѵԷѡɳͧ ҧҪվҺ ôŢͧʧա˹ ҧá ͧҨеͧ...ʧ 袳йöԹ㹤Ţͧӹѡҹʹѵ çҹٻСШҧҪվҺ .Ѻاҷ˹ҷʹ ѧѴзǧѲ (Ǹ.) Ѻ ..Ѵਹ ͧҡ ˹§ҹ ѧէҹѺ͹ѹ

          .ҡ .. Ѻ Ǹ.ͧҡ ..褹˹§ҹѺʹ зôʹҾ㹷ȷҧǡѹ ա駢Ҫ ..ТҴ˹㹷ҧҪ .Ѵ駤Сʹѹ觪ҵ Сͺ ʹҾط ʵ -Թ ԡ ʹҷӤŧѹǡѺҺó ʹ áҧҳʶҹŻʹ Դѭ áҧʶʵ ٻçʶһѵ¡ ҧࢹ˹ʶ ֧èѴԨõСԪҡ лѭѧ ÷ 繵

          .Ѵ¡øҤԺѵ㹪ԵШѹ ѧǪͧ ¡øҤѧ ͡ҡȷҧԷ÷ȹ ¨дԡط診ԭ͡ ѧҪ¨Ѵ¡ ШѴ¡õͺѭҸ .ҷʧ㹡þѲҤسҾԵ ѭäʹ ʾԴ ҹ ١ ͹ѡǴ .ʹѺʹع෤ ¨ҷҧѴä蹤Է ͧҨѴäԷتŷѺʧ

          .ç¹лѵԸἹѭ֡ ç¹Զվط СèѴѡٵԪҾоطʹ .ѴŧҹȾ繸 ͧҡѹդѴʹ ҹȾǹ˭ ֧Դ ҨШѴÿѧ˹ҧȾ ѧ .ҪûԺѵԸ ҪһԺѵԸ - ѹ ѹ 觨ʹͷЪ .

          ɳ ա ͧ ѰŨ觴Թ ͧ˹Թ˹з仡͹ ͧ˹еͧºʹ͵ͷЪ .礧з 褧ͧҴԹ ..ؤ еͧẺԴ ԡ վʧ١ҡͧǴж١ͧ

          "֡㨷Թʧ¡ͧ ...ʧ 蹷Դͻ ੾С͹˹ҹ Թ ҨԴ˵˭ Сʹ...ʧ Ѱ㨶֧ͧ з駽·繴繴 ҧ˵ؼŢͧͧ ǹ ...ʧ Ѱŷ ͧդ繡ҧ Ңҧ ǹФͧоطʹҷʧ¡ͧ繡١ҵ ͧѰ٭ ͧ繴Ш仴Թõ" ͧ¡Ѱ

¡ ...ͺͺ֧͡

          ǹº·ؤŨҡҤ͡Ҵç˹觢ҪдѺ٧ 駵˹觼ҪèѧѴ ͡ѤҪٵ͵˹觢ҪдѺ - ¹ Χԭ ŢҸԡӹѡҹѰ٭ 㹰ҹй¡ҤҪþ͹觻 ÷֧ؤ¹͡Ҵç˹觼дѺ٧˹§ҹҪ Ҥ÷еͧӹ֧֧ͧ㹡úҪ蹴Թ 觡úҪ蹴Թ觶֧ªآͧЪҪ Фԭ˹Ңͧ繨شӤѭ ըش价鹡٧ش ѧ˹§ҹͧѰˡԨ Ҥ͡ ѧ鹨֧繷еͧդѴѧͧŻªѺ͹ ͧդӤѭҡش

          ͢ͺǤԴͧѰŴѧ ҡҪèѧѴ¤ 辺 ҪèѧѴФ ҷԾҡԨóѰҧԴ ʴ֡ͧ͡ 駹Ҫ () ѧѴ˹ Դ ÷ӧҹк˭äԴͺͺ ٴ֧ Ҿٴ֧кеͧѺѧлЪҪ ҡդԴҴҡùӤ͡ è繤ѺԴͺ ҨդѺԴͺ ӧҹẺҺʹӪҧ ҹͧͧ觷 зҧõ

          觢ǡзǧõҧ Դ ͧѺ͡͡ѤҪٵ Ѻ觵 еͧ繼դ ö ФѺ˹ҷѺͺ Ӥѭͧ˵ؼ դö˹͡ҢҪûШӡзǧҧ ҡҾͤҨҡҤ͡ҷӧҹç еͧաþԨóҧǹ ͧҡ˹觹͹᷹ͧ õҧҡ

          ǹçѭѧФҡԧóҡ ѰЪҪҡ ѧѴͧ ŧ¹ .ź ɳš ʧ ɮҹ Ҫ û § .شøҹ ..Ե §ط ͧ¡Ѱ ͧǧ ҷ ҧطʵ١ͧ ˹Ἱҹͧеҧ Ѵਹ ǹա Դ - ա 㹻˹ҨлСȼͧõҪФҡдѺҾ 觷Ӥѭش ҨҾФ͡Ѵਹ...

˹á | ʢ¸ | ͹ |> ͹ | ʹѺԵѧ
ѡǪѺѧ | ¢ʢ¸ | 纹ʹ | Ἱѧ䫵
ʢ¸ https://skyd.org
ش | й˹ҹ͹

ʢ¸ Ѵس Ҿ ࢵͧҹ ا෾
. -, - -
... e-mail :